Fall 2015 Syllabi



by Kim Salinas -
Number of replies: 0

DMS-104 Introduction to Sonographic Instrumentation

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Kim Salinas Ed. M., RDMS, RVT
Office: JW 226
Phone: (W) (517) 796-8535
E-mail: salinaskimberls@jccmi.edu
Skype: raulandkim

OFFICE HOURS: Monday 7am-1pm by appointment via Skype, or campus office. The best way to contact me is via Kim's Virtual Office forum within the course. I also will use my Virtual Office forum to contact you (be sure to subscribe to that forum). Other alternatives are e-mail. Meetings will take place via Skype, or my campus office. Please provide the course and section you are in when contacting me via email, but I will likely have you post in my Virtual Office forum in the course.

COURSE DESCRIPTION: Students will learn the history and basic principles of static and real-time ultrasound machines. The instrumentation of A-mode and its conversion into the real time B-mode scanners will be explored. Laboratory assignments reinforce learning activities.

Pre-requisites for this course are MAT-131, and ENG 085

TEXTBOOK: Miele, F., Ultrasound Physics & Instrumentation 5th Edition, Pegasus Lectures, Inc., Texas 2013 ISBN: 978-0-9885825-0-7

SUGGESTED ADDITIONAL TEXTS: Edelman, S.K., Understanding Ultrasound Physics , 4th Edition, ESP, Inc., Canada

Kremkau,S., Diagnostic Ultrasound Principles and Instruments

Zagzebski, J.A., Essentials of Ultrasound Physics

Hedrick, W.R., Hykes, D.L., Starchman, D.E., Ultrasound Physics and Instrumentation.

JC Associate Degree Outcomes (AD0's): The Board of Trustees of Jackson College has determined that all JC graduates should develop or enhance certain essential skills while enrolled in the college. These ADO's are listed below:

ADO 3 Demonstrate computational skills and mathematical reasoning.

Course Objectives: Students who successfully complete the Introduction to Sonographic Instrumentation course will be proficient in Demonstrating computational skills using positive and negative numbers, fractions, and decimals, ratio and percents.

Students who successfully complete the Introduction to Sonographic Instrumentation course will be proficient in understanding exponents and metrics as it applies to the fundamentals of applied ultrasound physics.

Students who successfully complete the Introduction to Sonographic Instrumentation course will be proficient in understanding the implication of applied ultrasound mathematics to medical imaging.

Center for Student Success: Tutors (plus additional services for academic success) can be accessed by calling 517-796-8415 or by stopping by the Center for Student Success, Bert Walker Hall. Students requiring special assistance (including those affected by the Americans with Disabilities Act) should contact the Center for Student Success. This is the first step in acquiring the appropriate accommodations to facilitate your learning.

Students with disabilities who believe that they may need accommodations in this class are encouraged to contact the office of Learning Support Services at 787-0800, extension 8270/8553 as soon as possible to ensure that such accommodations are implemented in a timely fashion.


ALL ASSIGNMENTS ARE DUE ON SUNDAYS AT 10 PM ET. ONLY LABS 1-8 ARE TO BE SUBMITTED FOR GRADING. TESTS MUST BE COMPLETED BY DEADLINE OR A ZERO GRADE WILL RESULT (NO EXCEPTIONS!). All other exercises are for your benefit. Additional items can be found in the Helpful Websites resource.

Week 1 Orientation & Mathematics Level 1
Orientation (conversion, formula sheet, etc.)
Read Pages: p.1-6, 497-524
Post intro discussion

LECTURE: Mathematics Level 1
Notes: Mathematics
Exercises: 1.5, 2.1, 3.1, 6.1, 7.2, 8.1, 8.3, 10.4, 12.3, 15.2, 15.3

Week 2 Mathematics Level 2
LECTURE: Mathematics Level 2
Notes: Mathematics (from previous week)
Read Pages: p.1-6, 497-527
Exercises: 9.3, 9.6, 9.8, 9.11, 9.12, 11.1, 17.2

Week 3

Week 4 Waves Level 1
LECTURE: Chapter 2 Level 1
LAB 3: Echo-ranging Technique
Notes (you will use for both levels of chapter 2)
Read Pages: 7-22
Exercises: 10
Conceptual Questions: 4, 7

Week 5 Waves Level 2
LECTURE: Chapter 2 Level 2
LAB 4: Acoustic Propagation
Notes (from previous week)
Read Pages: 24-42
Exercises: 13.7, 14.3

Week 6 Test 2 & Attenuation Level 1
LECTURE: Chapter 3 Level 1
Notes (you will use for both levels of chapter 3)
Read Pages: 43-53
Conceptual Questions: 5

Week 7 Attenuation Level 2
LECTURE: Chapter 3 Level 2
Midterm Practice Test
Notes (from previous week)
Read Pages: 54-73
Exercises: 11 & 12

Week 8 Midterm


Week 9 Pulsed Wave Level 1
LECTURE: Chapter 4 Level 1
LAB 5: pulsing characteristics #1
Notes (you will use for both levels of chapter 4)
Read Pages: 75-82

Week 10 Pulsed Wave Level 2 & Test 3
LECTURE: Chapter 4 Level 2
LAB 6: pulsing characteristics #2
Notes (from previous week)
Read Pages: 82-98
Conceptual Questions: 16

Week 11 Transducers
LECTURE: Chapter 5
LAB 7: pulsing characteristics #3
Read Pages: 99-116
Exercises: 10

Week 12 Doppler
LECTURE: Chapter 7.1
LAB 8: Frame Rate
Read Pages: 223-234
Exercises: 1.8, 9
Conceptual Questions: 5

Week 13 Test 4

Week 14 Review
Practice test Final

Week 15 Final Exam
FINAL EXAM WILL COVER ALL MATERIAL AND MUST BE PROCTORED. Nothing will be allowed in the testing lab, no notes, calculator, etc. A photo ID is required.


4 TESTS @ 70 PTS EACH = 280 45%
1 MIDTERM @ 100 16%
1 FINAL EXAM @ 200 32%
TOTAL 620 100%


Some revisions may be necessary during the course due to school policies, textbook issues, test issues, etc. Any change will be posted as a course announcement.

Student's responsibilities: to cover the necessary topics and to demonstrate their ability to meet performance objectives. It is expected by the instructor that all assignments and readings will be completed on time. The very nature of this course makes it very difficult for one to catch up once they are behind. It is also the student's responsibility to have a secure internet connection for testing purposes. If the student's ISP kicks them off the internet during a test, the student will not be allowed to take the test again and will receive a zero for that test. Students can find secure internet connections at their local library or community college. To complete this course, each student is required to view the material found in the assignments and take 4 tests, a midterm and a final on-line. In addition to the online tests, each student is required to collaborate with their group to complete 8 Lab assignments. Simply follow your syllabus and plan your time wisely. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me. There are forums set up for students to collaborate on each lab assignment. You are expected to share your work with others to help comprehend this difficult material. It is the students responsibility to check the announcement area, my Virtual Office forum, and emails for important information during the course.

Facilitator's Responsibilities: to facilitate learning, provide and explain the necessary materials for each student to understand the assignments and develop course performance objectives to a near mastery level. The instructor will be monitoring the forums and adding comments to student collaboration.

Tests: All tests are accumulative. The student must be prepared to answer questions from any prior lesson. The midterm and final exam will be timed at one minute per question. All other tests are not timed. It should be noted that calculators are not allowed into the board exam, so they are not allowed to be used in this class. The final exam MUST be proctored. If you live within 200 miles of JC's main campus you will be taking the proctored final exam at the JC testing lab located in the Atkinson building on main campus (see link on front page of course under the Important Links block). If you live more than 200 miles you must find a certified testing lab in your area which may consist of Sylvan, or your local college testing lab. Please see the proctor assignment for more proctor information. When selecting your proctor, be sure you will have a secure internet connection. I will need the proctor name, their job title, e-mail, phone and institution. This MUST be submitted to me by the end of midterm week in the specified area. NO TEST WILL BE AVAILABLE AFTER THE DEADLINE. They are all open from the beginning of the semester, and will not be accessible after the deadline under ANY circumstance. Never wait until the last minute to take a test!


Academic Honesty
Click link for full policy: http://www.jccmi.edu/policies/Academics/Policies/1004.pdf

Policy Summary:

 Academic dishonesty is generally an instructional and teachable opportunity for faculty to guide students and for students to learn from their actions and/or behavior. The Academic Honesty policy provides guidance for determining the level and severity of academic dishonesty, establishes how to track and report violations, and defines consequences to students.


Academic Honesty is defined as ethical behavior that includes student production of their own work and not representing others' work as their own, by cheating or by helping others to do so.

Plagiarism is defined as the failure to give credit for the use of material from outside sources. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to:

  • Submitting other's work as your own
  • Using data, illustrations, pictures, quotations, or paraphrases from other sources without adequate documentation
  • Reusing significant, identical or nearly identical portions of one's own prior work without acknowledging that one is doing so or without citing this original work (self-plagiarism)

Cheating is defined as obtaining answers/material from an outside source without authorization. Cheating includes, but is not limited to:

  • Plagiarizing in any form
  • Using notes/books/electronic material without authorization
  • Copying
  • Submitting others' work as your own or submitting your work for others
  • Altering graded work
  • Falsifying data
  • Exhibiting other behaviors generally considered unethical
  • Allowing your work to be submitted by others

Policy Statement:

Faculty members who suspect a student of academic dishonesty may penalize the student by taking appropriate action up to and including assigning a failing grade for the paper, project, report, exam, or the course itself. Instructors must document all instances of academic dishonesty, beyond those of a minor nature, in writing to the Office of the Academic Deans using the attached form.

Proctored Testing. Students who are suspected of cheating during a course exam or during Course Placement will be questioned and reported to the appropriate faculty member or Dean of Students. The proctors are not to stop the exam but report the questionable behavior. As in other instances, the faculty member will determine the penalty and appropriate action. If the student is suspected of cheating on Course Placement, the Dean of Students is to be contacted and will determine the next steps.

Reporting. The Office of the Academic Deans will record and track students who have been reported for academic dishonesty. If the same student has a second incident, the Dean will enact sanctions appropriate to the level of infraction. The sanction will be selected in consultation with the involved faculty. The Dean can administer consequences up to and including suspension.

In the event of a dispute, all parties should follow the Student Complaints/Academic procedure as outlined in the JC Faculty Agreement. This policy is also presented in the Student Rights and Responsibilities Handbook.


Student Complaints/Academic
Click link for full policy: http://www.jccmi.edu/policies/Quality/Policies/2501.pdf

Student Academic Complaints and Appeals Students may dispute classroom related matters (i.e., grade disputes) within 4 weeks of the end of the semester in question. The student must have a formal meeting with their instructor to address the concern, as stated in the Academic Complaint process. If a resolution cannot be reached, the student may submit an appeal to the SO using the Academic Appeal form.

Student Disciplinary Appeals Actions involving student discipline are handled in accordance with the Student Judicial Process. Students who wish to appeal the disciplinary decision may submit an appeal to the SO using the Non-Academic Appeal form.

 Judicial Appeals Process

 I.         Appeal Hearing Assumptions

    1. The appeal process is not designed to be a re-hearing of an entire case.
    2. The burden of proof rests with the student to clearly demonstrate that grounds for an appeal has been met (See Sections lll,2,a-d below)
    3. Sanction(s) issued by the Judicial Board will not take effect until the appeal process is completed.
    4. Sanction(s) that are issued under Tier III where the safety of any student is a variable may be imposed.

 II.         Judicial Appeals Board

  1. Composition - The Judicial Appeals Board (JAB) should consist of three (3) fulltime college employees, with two (2) alternates.
  2. Selection of board members - Recommendations for JAB members will come from the Student Ombudsman, Dean of Students, Residence Life Director, and Leadership Council.
  3. Terms of Office - JAB members will serve for one academic year with the possibility of yearly reappointment.
  4. Leadership - One member serves as JAB chair and will be elected by a majority vote of all of the JAB members.
  5. Removal from office - A JAB member may be removed from the JAB for poor attendance or other due cause by a simple majority vote of the total Judicial Appeals Board.
  6. Jurisdiction - The Judicial Appeals Board will serve as the panel to review appeals of decisions rendered by the Judicial Board during the formal hearing process.

 III.          Grounds for an Appeal

  1. Right to Request an Appeal - Students may request that the Judicial Appeal Board (JAB) review a Judicial Board decision and sanction. An appeal will be considered (heard by the JAB) if it meets the criteria below.
  2. Grounds for Appeal - There are certain conditions that must be met for the JAB to consider an appeal. In the absence of these conditions, the appeal will not be considered. The following are considered sufficient grounds:

a)     There is substantive new evidence not previously available at the time of the hearing, which could have materially affected the outcome (NOTE: New witnesses or witness statements do not constitute new evidence unless there is a clear basis as to why the witnesses were not presented at the time of the original Judicial Board hearing).

b)     There were procedural errors in the case that substantively impacted the student's access to a fair hearing;

c)     The severity of the sanction needs to be reviewed based on documented mitigating personal circumstances;

d)     The decision of the Judicial Board was not supported by the evidence presented at the hearing, or evidence was not sufficient to establish that a Code of Conduct violation occurred.


IV.         Appeal Process for Student:

  1. A Non-Academic Appeal form should be submitted to the Student Ombudsman within five (5) working days from the date of the written decision from the Judicial Board.
  2. Unless extenuating circumstances can be shown (for example, a hospitalization), failure to appeal within the allotted time will render the Judicial Board's decision final.
  3. The written request for an appeal must state the grounds for appeal (citing the appropriate grounds from the "Grounds for Appeal” list below); a discussion of the evidence and facts in support of the appeal; and a recommended solution. The request for an appeal must include a typed explanation and should include any supporting documentation that should be considered by the Judicial Appeals Board.
  4. Once submitted, if the deadline and rationale for appeal is deemed appropriate, the Student Ombudsman will schedule an Appeal meeting.


V.         Scheduling an Appeal:

  1. If the appeal meets the grounds necessary to be considered by the Judicial Appeals Board, the JAB will convene an appeal hearing within five (5) business days after receiving the written appeal. A quorum of three (3) Judicial Appeals Board members should exist in order for an appeal to be heard.
  2. After the appeal is scheduled, The Student Ombudsman will notify the student(s) and the Judicial Board of the date, time and place of the hearing.
  3. The student(s) is required to attend the Appeal Hearing. A representative of the Judicial Hearing Board will be invited but is not required to attend the appeal hearing.


VI.         Disposition of the Appeal

  1. Prior to the appeal hearing, the Judicial Appeals Board will meet in closed session to review the written decision of the College Judicial Board, the written appeal, any supporting documentation provided by the student, After reviewing the case materials, the Judicial Appeals Board will convene the Appeal Hearing and call in both parties to the appeal.
  2. The student who filed the appeal will be permitted up to fifteen (15) minutes to present his/her case to the Judicial Appeals Board. The Board members may then ask questions of the student. The representative of the Judicial Board will then be given up to fifteen (15) minutes to present its counter-arguments, after which the Board members can ask questions.
    1. The Judicial Appeals Board will again go into closed session to reach a decision in the case, then reconvene the hearing and read its decision. The decision will be made by a simple majority of the Judicial Appeals Board members present at the hearing.
    2. The Judicial Appeals Board may take one of the following actions:

a)         Uphold the decision of the College Judicial Board in its entirety.

b)         Alter the sanctions imposed by the College Judicial Board

c)         Dismiss the case against the student

  1. Student will receive email notification of the outcome(s) from the JAB sent to the student's Jackson College email address.

Updated: November 2014